General Guidelines for Managing Asthma
Making some lifestyle changes can help you avoid triggers that may cause an asthma attack.
- Reduce your exposure to allergens or irritants that trigger asthma.
- Pay attention to warning signs.
- Ask your doctor about physical activity.
- Get a yearly flu shot.
- Avoid smoke.
Allergens may irritate asthma symptoms in some people. Reducing contact with these allergens may be helpful. Allergy shots may help if allergens are a regular problem. It will introduce small amounts of allergen. Over time the body may adjust and decrease the reaction to tjhe allergen.
Do not ignore warning signs. Early treatment may make it easier to manage symptoms.
Warning signs include:
- Increased shortness of breath and wheezing
- Chest tightness or pain
- An increased need to use bronchodilators
- Fitful sleep patterns
- Frequent coughing or coughing spasms, especially at night
- Worsening peak expiratory flow if you use a device that measures your expiratory flow
In general, asthma should not limit your physical activities. You may need to limit strenuous physical activity after an asthma attack. Consider the following when exercising:
- Have good asthma control before exercising.
- If exercise is a trigger. Talk to your doctor about treatment options.
- Try warming-up for at least 10 minutes before exercise. The warm up may include walking or other low-intensity activities.
- Avoid other triggers such as high pollution levels, pollen, freshly cut grass, or cold. If cold is a trigger, wear a scarf or mask to warm the air before it hits your lungs.
- Consider changing the length or intensity of exercise if mild symptoms persist.
- Gradually increase your intensity with any new activity.
Weight loss may improve control in people who are overweight or obese.
Ask About Vaccinations
Asthma can lead to a higher risk for flu-related complications. Adults and children older than 6 months old should get a yearly flu shot.
Children with asthma should receive all recommended vaccinations
Cigarette smoke can trigger asthma and make symptoms worse. If you smoke, look for tools to help you quit. If you live with someone who smokes talk about ways to decrease smoke in your house.
Other forms of smoke can also irritate asthma. This includes wood stoves or camp fires.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
- Review Date: 09/2018 -
- Update Date: 09/08/2017 -